An ideal project management framework must include risk management to manage the uncertainties, proposals, and additional developments. However, often people make the mistake of mixing constraints with risks in the process of risk analysis.
In this article at Project-Management.com, the author clearly defines the difference between risk and constraint. Risk is the potential occurrence of something while constraint makes everything essential enough to be finished on time.
Risk vs. Constraint
The inspection and review of assumptions that may or may not happen in the project process are identified as risks, whereas constraints are identified in advance. Risks are the limitations associated with the project that may impact the end result, either in execution or predictable period. However, constraints are the definite restrictions related to the budget, cost, and appropriate scope of the project.
The risk management strategy aims at monitoring and identifying the potential occurrence of the issue and extending solution to resolve it in advance. In the past few years, the project constraints have evolved from just scope, time, and cost to an integrated set of primary constraints including scope, time, cost, quality, and risk.
The project managers cannot afford to ignore the project constraints as it may lead to failure in some way. Their job is to deliver the project processes within limits. They must document each risk with its associated constraints to understand, manage, and mitigate its impact on the project.
The author suggests if the project manager will clearly understand the need for balancing the primary constraints and aims for producing the fundamental quality outcome of a project, it would be easier to produce effective deliverables.
To learn and understand the significance of a proactive risk environment as the equilibrium to the primary project constraints, click on the following links: https://project-management.com/risk-or-constraint-project-management-processes/